Express Trusts

Before one can make use of this educational material one must be able to comprehend the difference between the ENACTED law-of-the-sea and the UN-ENACTED law-of-the-land; and, that the purpose of an express trust is to move property from the jurisdiction of the ‘sea’ back to the land jurisdiction;

Law-of-the-sea is merely commercial contracts between legal fictions; this enables ships on international waters to freely trade under neutral flags and flags of convenience even though they may be enemies;

And, un-enacted law-of-the-land is the common and customary law of we, the people: maxims, proverbs, stories with morals, Holy Scriptures, Sacred Teachings;  and, so on, each community according to their own traditions;

For Southern Africa, the most important law-of-the-land is:

  • 1955 Freedom Charter;
  • 1994 Reconstruction & Development Programme Policy Framework;
  • Bill of Rights;

See: https://giftoftruth.wordpress.com/constitutional/

Over the last 500 years these sea laws have slowly, but steadily crept onto the lands of all countries under color of law, employing semantic deceit hidden in the imperial legal jargon as the tool to garner a semblance of consent; and, thereby establishing imperial sea courts and sea-rules on the land; and, law-of-the-land was almost abandoned, until now;

Thomas Jefferson said it best in the following quote:

jefferson-the-germ-of-destruction-lies

So, in order to profit off of the people and their lands, the sea merchants created fictional paper copies of everything on the land – the people, their property, lands, minerals, resources, everything; it was all turned into proverbial cargo; and ceded to the imperial feudal system; you may want to read the One Peoples Public Trust page which explains it very well;

Then the imperialists got really brazen, they made treaties with the locals, making the sea lords the “parents” and the locals the children and thereby “subject” to their new “parents” who enforce slavery rules on their “adopted” “children” and “punish” them when they do not abide by the feudal law-of-the-sea of the sea lords in their sea courts; and, which is in fact all just a diabolical front for military law under a state of permanent war; and, which is enforced by force of law;

Today, everyone is under the same yoke of bondage of this global imperial feudal system; and, everyone is paying “protection” fees such as customs, duties, fines, levies, taxes; because the 99% are “enemies-in-the-field”, conquered peoples; and, it is all just a front to plunder sovereign peoples; and, which all still ends up in the coffers of the same kings, merchants and priesthood that have waxed rich since the nations of the compass set sail during the infamous “Age of Discovery“, in truth an age of tyranny; 

For example, ‘government'[a corporation in disguise] cons your mother into “registering” [making you a ward of THE STATE; granting ownership to THE CROWN] a “berth” certificate, a bill of laden, a slave bond, a strawman trust account, a corporation, a ship in commerce using your Name, but in ALL CAPITALS, thereby creating a ‘person’ a legal fiction entity; this is done under licence of CITY OF LONDON, ROME and WASHINGTON D.C. the seat of the New World Order; according to the “sea lords”, a bill of laden is filed with the “harbour master” [Master of High/Supreme court of the sea – on our land] and after a number of years your ‘person’ is declared “missing at sea” [under cestui-qui-vie rules] and re-claimed as abandoned “wreckage” under maritime salvage laws;

Annexure – Ces tui Qui Trust

Then your strawman trust is “re-venued” as an “asset” aka insolvent “debtor”, into the National Re-venue Fund; where it is used as “collateral” to make fake “loans” from the IMF in a global Ponzi scheme known as the Federal Reserve Banking system;  

THEN, when you are of age, the birth certificate is the so-called pre-existing contract upon which all fraudulent claims are levied; by deceit you are deceitfully press-ganged into accepting that NAME as your own with an IDENTITY document; and, now you as the living creditor is held as  surety for an insolvent debtor in a deceitful bait and switch scam; no different from finding peas under a cup; by their own rules this amounts to nothing less than barratry, piracy, personage, press-ganging and numerous treasonable actions;

PIRATES

In order to correct the presumption and to “re-venue” all property back onto the land, one requires a vehicle  on the land jurisdiction; an express trust is the wagon to carts your goods safely from the harbour and seashore as far inland as you can go; hear what an expert attorney has to say on the matter:

Annexure – Trustees in Commerce – A Way of Life

 

What are Express Trusts?

An express trust is a superior form and manner of commerce as opposed to corporations and partnerships; the best vehicle for self-determining peoples to protect their lands and maintain their autonomous jurisdiction; it’s all about jurisdiction; a very important 1910 report from an expert :

Annexure – EXPRESS TRUSTS UNDER THE COMMON LAW

Express trusts are:

  • a shield against rogue corporations;
  • the proper form for republican forms of government [one wherein the people are sovereign] as governance is a trust relationship between the 99% and their public servants;
  • easily regulated by the appropriate anti-trust laws;
  • the perfect tool for sovereign communities seeking self-determination;

We were awoken to express trusts by the South African pioneer, the late Johan Joubert; and, even though we never met, he is with us in the spirit; thank you, Johan for showing us the way;

 

Laws & Words That Enslave Us

By Dr Johan Joubert

A series of Audio Files containing interviews with the late Dr Johan Joubert who dedicated his life to bring us enlightenment and freedom from unlawful financial tyranny – How Admiralty Law is used to control humanity by turning us all into proverbial cargo. http://micro2.majesticinteractive.co.za/bf.php?fid=813

 

Express Trust Manual:

The UZA manual on the framework for Express Trusts as opposed to CORPORATIONS or PARTNERSHIPS and as a vehicle to re-venue, re-purpose or re-claim private  property and or collateral of your family or community or country and to adapt to suit your needs;

NB: THIS IS NOT A UCC MONTETISING SCAM; this is your title, your armour against invasion;

GOTU – ExpressTrusts Manual V5

 

Giftoftruth Express Trust:

The Giftoftruth Express Trust was developed for Charitable purposes. Feel free to make use of these documents (but remove our banners, flags and seal) and make your own amendments; this is a universally adapted redemption process; however, specifically tailored for Southern Africa;

2015 GOTU Express Trust package template

As part of the package remember to print and add the financing statement:

2015 UCC Doc # 2013031779

 

 

Further Reading:

Annexure – The Nature of the Private Express Trust

Annexure – Definitions of Money and property held in Trust.

 

On Trusts – RSA Specific:

Annexure – THE AUTHORISATION OF TRUSTEES IN THE SOUTH AFRICAN LAW OF TRUSTS

Treasury Regulations – for departments, constitutional institutions and public entities

TRUST PROPERTY CONTROL ACT 57 of 1988

SARS EI1

If you have any questions please do post them in the comments box below and we will answer them in due course;

Sincerely, administrator – UZA

99 thoughts on “Express Trusts

  1. Hey ideas – I learned a lot from the information ! Does someone know where my assistant might obtain a sample Form UCC1 version to fill out ?

    1. Dear Bennet, been busy with our international case; to answer your question;

      The purpose of this page is only to show the extent of the fraud of this global Ponzi scheme; read the Banking and Banksters page; now that you know it to be fraudulent are you still wanting to engage in fraud? No, of course not; we must focus our energy on educating and informing our family and friends; AND

      Know this: THE FICTIONAL SHIP HAS SUNK; we have to build new alternatives for every aspect of life; see what others are already doing to get an idea of what interests you; see Community Banks page; blessings

  2. anyways which downloadable ebook that explains dealing with those who tresspass on my copyright protected legal fiction?

    it no use filling express trust docs but not knowing the the how.

  3. hi once again. i have a couple of questions for more clarity.

    Can an autograph b the same as a signature?

    If the financing statement is not completed is there a need to initial or sign? since in ur email u said i can just file it without filling details. a bit confused there with different answers from a similar quest.

    I see the express trust is adressed to SA high court but i am in KZN. Do i send all documents to the PMB high court since my summons is from there?

    Where do i get names of master & clerck of the court if no summons was received?

    any documents to the attorneys?

    thanks.

    1. Hi Simphiwe,
      my autograph is different to the signature; less confusing;
      The UCC financing statement is complete, unless you got the wrong one; I will send it with your edited docs;
      Yes, PMB: always the court where case is lodged or summons received from;
      Here is the details I have, could be outdated:
      PIETERMARITZBURG
      (HIGH COURT)
      033 345 8211
      033 345 3815
      Mr EM Kriel
      Private Bag X9014
      PIETERMARITZBURG
      3200
      30 Church Street
      PIETERMARITZBURG
      3201
      rjooste@justice.gov.za

      Always make at least 2 certified copies; first have lawyers stamp all copies and original (which goes to the court) leave a copy with lawyers; will send a detailed explanation with edited docs; in peace, bt

      1. lawyers r over 260 km away from where i am, was thinking i should post them the documents rather. but i will wait for your detailed explanation.

      2. Both you and the lawyers, need a receiving address within 15km of the high court; they normally have a dedicated attorney office who receives their docs care/of; in the meantime, if you know someone then ask them if you may use their address to receive court docs; email me the address so as to include in docs please; in peace

  4. hi once again. i have a couple of questions for more clarity.

    Can an autograph b the same as a signature?

    If the financing statement is not completed is there a need to initial or sign? since in ur email u said i can just file it. a bit confused there with different answers from similar quest.

    I see the express trust is adressed to SA high court but i am in KZN. Do i send all documents to the PMB high court since my summons is from there?

    Where do i get names of master & clerck of the court if no summons was received?

    thanks.

      1. was reading comments. i saw that one can post a financing statement without filling any info?

  5. Brother Thomas,

    Thank you kindly for sharing that information with me. Trading as a trust does definitely seem like a superior way of commerce. It is however up to minds like us to change the way things are being done. Through action and education.

    I have downloaded the documents from your common law page which are very powerful documents.

    I look forward to the update. I also look forward to joining every sovereign along this eye opening journey. I will send you an email.

    Thank you very much for your response.
    I truly believe in the work you are doing.

    Love and peace. John

  6. Hi all,

    I have stumbled across this amazing wealth of knowledge and information through a lot of research due to many many questions about the law and about our monetary and judicial or statutory systems.

    There are many things I have yet to learn and this is an enlightenment I want to take seriously. That said to ensure that I can do so with the utmost grace, it is not something I want to rush. I wish to take this one step at a time.

    This is a time for change and the only way to ensure change in the world around me, is to make the change within myself. To be willing to fight and take full responsibility.

    I wish to send my regards firstly to Johan Joubert, for indirectly opening my mind to the truth, for helping me understand. He is a great soul who’s legacy will love on and one that I will pass on to my children and grand children.

    To everyone involved in this glorious community, I think you for continuing his teachings and sharing that knowledge and assisting through this valuable information that I believe the people should know. The effort and work being put into this movement is amazing and is well appreciated. Personally I am grateful to everyone involved and once I have taken the correct steps I wish to be able to share my and all of your experiences and knowledge with everyone that I can.

    I am very new to this movement and my first step before claiming sovereignty is to create a family flag to identify my family name, our values and the values and lessons I wish to pass on to generations below me. However I have noticed that heraldic coat of arms are not the way to go, for their implied symbolism toward the crown. Does anyone have any examples or any form of guidance for me? I cannot find any non-heraldic family flags on the internet.

    This may seem like an odd request, but my family name is something I take deep pride in and I wish to instill values for many generations ahead, that can be recognized in the family flag that we, in this generation, create.

    Love and peace to all.

    1. Hi John,
      thank you for the vote of confidence;
      Yes, it is all due to Johan Joubert who pioneered this work which we are continuing to develop;
      We now have indorsement from the International Tribunal for Natural Justice (www.itnj.org) where you will find more common law and natural law documents and info;
      Soon, when corporations get dis-banded then trusts will be a superior way of commerce as it has been before corporations arrived; we hope that this work will be part of the foundations towards a new, free and fair society
      On our common law manuals page are educational manuals which we consider important;
      We have done quite a few non-heraldic flags which I can send you examples of which I do on a vector program for a donation, if you wish or email me, brother Thomas, at commonlawsa@gmail.com or if you wish to receive updates;
      In the next few weeks we will update the legal defence page to align with ITNJ;

      Thanks again for the vote of confidence, in peace, bt

  7. Brother Thomas. I want to thank you with my whole heart for sharing your knowledge and being such an amazing servant to the truth! Role model qualities for sure my friend. Thank you!

    My story in a nutshell…

    I downloaded and printed out the Express Trust documentation from this
    site, which included the Notice of Understanding, Power of Attorney,
    Copyright Trademark, Declaration of Peace and True Birth affidavits,
    Common Law Express Trust, Last Will and Testament, and the UCC
    document.

    I then filled them all out and autographed them with 2 witnesses on
    the 27th of April (which without my planning, synchronistically turned
    out to be Freedom day) got 2 colour certified copies done then sent
    one of the copies via registered mail to the Master of the Hight Court
    in Pretoria, Deceased Division on the 29th of April.

    On the 29th of May I received a parcel from the Master of the High
    Court delivered to where I currently stay. I opened them to find the
    certified copies of the above mentioned documents I sent via
    registered mail. There was no accompanying documentation included with
    it and no mention of anything being rebutted or denied. The only
    difference is, there is now a stamp from the Master of the High Court
    dating 08/05/2015 and includes “MAIN REGISTRY” on the front page which
    is the Certificate and Proof Of Service, page 1.

    I really can’t believe the process was so simple at the end of the day. The hardest part of all this was building the courage to act in spite of fear and the unknown. The HUGE amounts of reading and research I have done from the materials found on this site has helped tremendously!! Extremely valuable and well worth putting the time in for!

    Thank you again Brother Thomas! You are truly appreciated!

    Much love!

    1. Thanks for the vote of confidence;
      This is a first:): that a court stamps common law jurisdiction documents; now you can always to refer to the docs when an agent wants to ‘con’tract with you:) this is a first, so many have had their documents rejected; in peace, bt

  8. Really loving the information on this site! Thank you so much to everyone who has contributed to it! Mind has been working over time consuming and understanding it all. lol

    I have some questions regarding small details in the documents and would love a little clarity and confirm my understanding is on the same page. 😉

    1- To begin, on the “Certificate and Proof of Service” document in the place of Divisions what do we put there? Is deceased estates a valid option? Or would it be the province even I am going to move to another province?

    2- Do we only need to include the UCC Financing statement doc# 2013031779 Page 1-5, and exclude the following receipts and email conversations including UCC doc# 2013032026 ? Or do we include everything as is, email conversation and all?

    3- In terms of filing with the court via registered mail. Do we send a certified copy with hand autographed stamp endorsement and seal to the court, while sending the originals also with hand autographed stamp endorsement and seal to ourselves? With each having their own reference number, and a stamp per page, ie 10 pages = 20 stamps?

    4- What colour ink is best to use for filling in the form and signing the autographs?

    Thanks again and thanks in advance!

    You are highly appreciated!

    p.s. Where is the donation page? 🙂

    1. Hi Rohan, thank you for the positive feed back; we are hoping that when the International Tribunal for Natural Justice (www.itnj.org) opens in October, our labours will be vindicated; South Africa is VERY uneducated, so spread the word;

      The Certificate of Service is a Proof of Service of all the documents, basically an Index; Yes, put Deceased Estate, it must be with the court where the deceased estate is ‘held’ or closet to the birthplace of the deceased;

      Only include the financing statement; the court always requires the originals, but if you are sending via registered mail then a certified copy set will do; send the originals via registered mail to yourself and keep un-opened;

      One R3 stamp (the cost of paying the shipping fee of a letter) on the front of your Notice of Understanding & Claim of Right & Intent; indorse it using red ink preferably; complete the doc with red ink preferably (sovereign); 2 witness autographs, bottom right of each page;

      I removed the donation page: it hurt too much too to see that hue-manity is still in “what’s-in-it-for-me” mode and not “freely-give-and-freely-you-will-receive”;

      It has been a challenging journey of sacrificed family relationships while experiencing others’ heart-breaking evictions and watching the judges and bankster lawyers in their court charades where there is no remedy as yet, so no justice; while living on the faith that someone will donate so that this can continue; Don’t get me wrong, I am on THIS journey because I know that herein lies the remedies for all our woes; It’s the education of the dumbed down masses that’s required;

      How can we possibly expect a remedy if desire is not coupled with action? Even donating is an action;

      So, thank you very much Rohan for even asking where the donations page is 🙂
      Please email for donation details at commonlawsa@gmail.com;

      Once again, thank you for finding this; it was written for the one-in-a-million that colonel edward mandell house spoke about to Woodrow Wilson:) [How I clobbered every Bureaucratic Cash Confiscatory Agency Known to Man – Elizabeth Mary Croft, page 21]
      on the common law manuals page;

      in peace, bt.

      1. Thanks for your quick response and clearing some matters for me BT!

        With regards to the red ink and endorsements. In the UPU section in the sovereign guide to commerce is reads to avoid using red ink at all costs when endorsing stamps and to use either purple, blue or gold ink. Also when sending documents to court to autograph a stamp with seal on the back bottom right of every page in order to have last say etc. And to write our ID# at the top right front pages in gold ink.

        Is that process not required for these documents as well?

        I have always had some suspicion that there was a bigger game at play than what was been portrayed in the “real world”, too distracted in ego and fear to really stop and look at what was going on. It wasn’t till about 6 months or so ago that I really started waking up to how deep and big the plan for global control has been and for how long it has been in motion for! So, I can only begin to understand your frustration in your journey so far, you have been awake to this much long than I. I commend you on your dedication and courage to stand in the face of adversity 🙂 You’re an excellent example!

        Will be in touch through email 🙂 Thanks for sharing!

        Much love

    1. The only thing we have that is remotely similar is the bill of exchange act 34 of 1964 as amended by act 56 of 2000 by becoming the holder in due course. See section 25 (holder for value) & 27 (holder in due course) & 29 (negotiation of bill) & 35 and lastly section 43 (rules as to presentment for payment)
      Hope that helps
      IN PEACE
      BB
      Sent via my BlackBerry from Vodacom – let your email find you!

  9. Brother Thomas,

    1. What citizenship was it u renounced, US or RSA?
    2. Did you follow the exact same process of creating an express trust as described here?
    3. Your property on filing trust documents, do you still have mortgage payments due on your property/vehicle?

    Regards,

    1. RSA citizenship with the very same process described here, in fact this is where the process came from and it is a technology that was first developed in order to help a very dear old lady. Since then there are no mortgages on any property or vehicles.

  10. Hi Brother Thomas – according to the information I found on the Tamara Davis saga (which she won by the way) it seems that the UCC filling (Heather Ann Tucci-Jarraf) in the documents to include with the perfection of the Express trust is not all the documents filled on “worldwide banks and governments foreclosed” I found that there were 5 documents consisting of 183 pages. Should we not include all of those documents when we file our documents with the high court?

    Interestingly I also found that there is a similar UCC filing as that of the OPPT fillings that was done by a so called “Executor” Clayton M Bernard during May 2012 as I said which is basically the same as that used by Heather (UCC documents we use) claiming to own all of the world (the whole globe) [by the way this Clayton Bernard is dead] and even more bazar I also found that on 21 Dec 2012 that the queen of England, her majesty the queen Elisabeth from Buckingham Palace London had made a similar UCC filling claiming to own Clayton M Bernard who was claiming to own all the chattel and assets all over the world. These fillings are not lawful as those done by Heather but you can see the scrambling that took place.

    My concern is that someone in Buckingham Palace is someone who is watching/monitoring all these UCC fillings and there are odds that Buckingham Palace may have made fillings to claim our claim. I mean this could drag on as claim after claim each claiming to own the other – and who will be the winner? this can continue infinitely! Where do we draw the line? Is Heather’s UCC filling and claim final?

    What I see is a huge power struggle and those who claim to have this power (the queen) is not going to go down without a fight. Not to mention the Pope who allegedly claim to own the queen!

    In Peace

  11. It is all about Money then it seems the Bible was right “To find your life you must lose it”. I’ll bet this means: “Our life is commerce, commerce is our life.” The only way to lose our life is to get out of commerce. The only way to get out of commerce is to CLOSE THE CQV TRUST ACCOUNT.

    The only way to close the CQV account is to claim your body to be in the Divine Trust. This will bring their fraud to a screeching halt.

    1. Hi Ben,
      exactly. I call it conscientious objection. Cease all commerce, all payments, turn your back on Babylon and if there is someone making something then support them, community exchanges etc. We currently have very small groups working on energy solutions such as amarocket biomass cookers, showers, bread ovens, furnaces to cast our own fittings from scrap etc. The pages have no pics because we are busy in workshops all day. Testing pvc home batteries at the moment.
      Instead, most are dumbed down by conspiracy posts, fb, the image of the beast…

      in peace

  12. I think it is paramount people understand the nature and origin of trusts from my research this is the History of Trusts.
    The 1st Trust of the world – Unam Sanctam [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unam_sanctam] is one of the most frightening documents of history and the one most quoted as the primary document of the popes claiming their global power. It is an express trust deed. The last line reads: “Furthermore, we declare, we proclaim, we define that it is absolutely necessary for salvation that every human creature be subject to the Roman Pontiff.” It is not only the first trust deed in history but also the largest trust ever conceived, as it claims the whole planet and everything on it, conveyed in trust.

    Triple Crown of Ba’al, aka the Papal Tiara and Triregnum
    In 1302 Pope Boniface issued his infamous Papal Bull Unam Sanctam––the first Express Trust. He claimed control over the whole planet which made him “King of the world”. In celebration, he commissioned a gold-plated headdress in the shape of a pinecone, with an elaborate crown at its base. The pinecone is an ancient symbol of fertility and one traditionally associated with Ba’al as well as the Cult of Cybele. It also represents the pineal gland in the centre of our brains––crystalline in nature–– which allows us access to Source, hence, the 13-foot tall pinecone in Vatican Square. Think about why the Pontiffs would idolize a pinecone.
    See: Pharmacratic Inquisition: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tnvEHObMMH4
    The 1st Crown of Crown Land – Pope Boniface VIII was the first leader in history to create the concept of a Trust, but the first Testamentary Trust, through a deed and will creating a Deceased Estate, was created by Pope Nicholas V in 1455, through the Papal Bull Romanus Pontifex. This is only one of three (3) papal bulls to include the line with the incipit “For a perpetual remembrance.” This Bull had the effect of conveying the right of use of the land as Real Property, from the Express Trust Unam Sanctam, to the control of the Pontiff and his successors in perpetuity. Hence, all land is claimed as “crown land”. This 1st Crown is represented by the 1st Cestui Que Vie Trust, created when a child is born. It deprives us of all beneficial entitlements and rights on the land.

    The 2nd Crown of the Commonwealth – The second Crown was created in 1481 with the papal bull Aeterni Regis, meaning “Eternal Crown”, by Sixtus IV, being only the 2nd of three papal bulls as deeds of testamentary trusts.
    This Papal Bull created the “Crown of Aragon”, later known as the Crown of Spain, and is the highest sovereign and highest steward of all Roman Slaves subject to the rule of the Roman Pontiff. Spain lost the crown in 1604 when it was granted to King James I of England by Pope Paul V after the successful passage of the “Union of Crowns”, or Commonwealth, in 1605 after the false flag operation of the Gunpowder Plot. The Crown was finally lost by England in 1975, when it was returned to Spain and King Carlos I, where it remains to this day. This 2nd Crown is represented by the 2nd Cestui Que Vie Trust, created when a child is born and, by the sale of the birth certificate as a Bond to the private central bank of the nation, depriving us of ownership of our flesh and condemning us to perpetual servitude, as a Roman person, or slave.

    The 3rd Crown of the Ecclesiastical See – The third Crown was created in 1537 by Paul III, through the papal bull Convocation, also meant to open the Council of Trent. It is the third and final testamentary deed and will of a testamentary trust, set up for the claiming of all “lost souls”, lost to the See. The Venetians assisted in the creation of the 1st Cestui Que Vie Act of 1540, to use this papal bull as the basis of Ecclesiastical authority of Henry VIII. This Crown was secretly granted to England in the collection and “reaping” of lost souls. The Crown was lost in 1816, due to the deliberate bankruptcy of England, and granted to the Temple Bar which became known as the Crown Bar, or simply the Crown. The Bar Associations have since been responsible for administering the “reaping” of the souls of the lost and damned, including the registration and collection of Baptismal certificates representing the souls collected by the Vatican and stored in its vaults.
    This 3rd Crown is represented by the 3rd Cestui Que Vie Trust, created when a child is baptized. It is the parents’ grant of the Baptismal certificate––title to the soul––to the church or Registrar. Thus, without legal title over one’s own soul, we will be denied legal standing and will be treated as things––cargo without souls–upon which the BAR is now legally, but certainly not lawfully or with any integrity, able to enforce Maritime law.

    The Cestui Que Vie Trust – A Cestui Que Vie Trust is a fictional concept. It is a Temporary Testamentary Trust, first created during the reign of Henry VIII of England through the Cestui Que Vie Act of 1540 and updated by Charles II, through the CQV Act of 1666, wherein an Estate may be effected for the Benefit of a Person presumed lost or abandoned at “sea” and therefore assumed “dead” after seven (7) years. Additional presumptions, by which such a Trust may be formed, were added in later statutes to include bankrupts, minors, incompetents, mortgages, and private companies. The original purpose of a CQV Trust was to form a temporary Estate for the benefit of another because some event, state of affairs, or condition prevented them from claiming their status as living, competent, and present, before a competent authority. Therefore, any claims, history, statutes, or arguments that deviate in terms of the origin and function of a CQV Trust, as pronounced by these canons, is false and automatically null and void.

    A Beneficiary under Estate may be either a Beneficiary or a CQV Trust. When a Beneficiary loses direct benefit of any Property of the higher Estate placed in a CQV Trust on his behalf, he does not “own” the CQV Trust; he only acts as beneficiary of what the Trustees of the CQV Trust choose to provide. As all CQV Trusts are created on presumption, based upon original purpose and function, such a Trust cannot be created if these presumptions can be proven not to exist.

    Since 1933, when a child is borne under inferior Roman law, three (3) Cestui Que (Vie) Trusts are created upon certain presumptions specifically designed to deny, forever, the child any rights of Real Property, any Rights to be free, and any Rights to be known as man or woman, rather than a creature or animal, by claiming and possessing their Soul or Spirit.
    The Executors or Administrators of the higher Estate willingly and knowingly:

    1. convey the beneficial entitlements of the child, as Beneficiary, into the 1st Cestui Que (Vie) Trust in the form of a Registry Number by registering the Name, thereby also creating the Corporate Person and denying the child any rights to Real Property; and,

    2. claim the baby as chattel to the Estate. The slave baby contract is then created by honoring the ancient tradition of either having the ink impression of the baby’s feet onto the live birth record, or a drop of its blood, as well as tricking the parents to signing the baby away through the deceitful legal meanings on the live birth record which is a promissory note, converted into a slave bond, sold to the private reserve bank of the estate, and then conveyed into a 2nd and separate CQV Trust, per child, owned by the bank. When the promissory note reaches maturity and the bank is unable to “seize” the slave child, a maritime lien is lawfully issued to “salvage” the lost property and is monetized as currency issued in series against the CQV Trust.

    3. claim the child’s soul via the Baptismal Certificate. Since 1540 and the creation of the 1st CQV Act, deriving its power from the Papal Bull of Roman Cult leader Pope Paul III, 1540, when a child is baptized and a Baptismal Certificate is issued, the parents have gifted, granted, and conveyed the soul of the baby to a “3rd” CQV Trust owned by Roman Cult, which has held this valuable property in its vaults ever since. Since 1815, this 3rd Crown of the Roman Cult and 3rd CQV Trust representing Ecclesiastical Property has been managed by the BAR as the reconstituted “Galla” responsible, as Grim Reapers, for reaping the souls.

    Each Cestui Que Vie Trust, created since 1933, represents one of the 3 Crowns representing the three claims of property of the Roman Cult: Real Property (on Earth), Personal Property (body), and Ecclesiastical Property (soul).
    Each corresponds exactly to the three forms of law available to the Galla of the BAR Courts: corporate commercial law (judge is the ‘landlord’),
    maritime and canon law (judge is the banker),
    and Talmudic law (judge is the priest).

    If this is true, then we should be able to deal with all these CQV trusts like this:
    1) Kill the first CQV trust by ‘killing’ the Birth Certificate.
    2) Abolish the second CQV trust by a Demand for Lawful Money and
    3) Squash the third CQV trust by DEBAPTISM. Here’s a link about that:
    http://sovereignwarriors.ning.com/profiles/blogs/how-to-kill-baptismal-certificate
    http://sovereignwarriors.ning.com/profiles/blogs/de-baptism-part-2

    1. Hi Ben,
      i agree with the above. i renounced my ‘citizenship; last year, over 4000 americans did the same; i do not know anyone from SA who has done the same.
      According to home affairs it states that if you do not have citizenship. you will be deemed a citizen according to your mother’s status. I am sure this is a loophole so that we cannot sue them for slavery 🙂

      in peace

    2. a question, who is doing the selling of the birth certificate? does the state create and sell it to the bank(vatican) or is the vatican the initial trustee at inception of the certificate who then sells it to the bank. or is the bank simply ‘funding’ the trust owned by the vatican?

      1. It is not so much a selling as it is keeping you via the Birth Certificate (BC) liable for the National Debt. The BC is evidence you are alive and thus worth “money” to the government and banks. Your worth is used via this evidence (BC) as collateral for the National Debt (World Bank Loans) and the use of Reserve Bank Notes (RBNs) or even electronic “money of account” is the use of private money meaning this money is not the property of the People of the land and is a silent consent to the bank and government to charge for this usage. RBNs are promises to pay and not real payment, RBNs pays nothing! Never did, never will and never can pay for anything yet we are forced to accept it as legal tender. In fact since 1994 when they removed the wording “I promise to pay the bearer on demand at Pretoria …” it is not even a fully fledged promissory note, it is just a piece of printed worthless paper. The only thing that still makes it work is the people’s belief and confidence that it is “money” and worth something. There is remedy to this situation though, this will involve you to study the Bill of Exchange (Act 34 of 1964 as amended by Act 56 of 2000) and the supporting Acts such as the banking act. Please have a look at the Bills of Exchange page.
        In Peace!

  13. Is the creation of the express trust a process whereby we separate ourselves from the Cestui Que trust the government created with the registration for a birth certificate. What I mean is do I give back to the government their trust, I mean they created it, it is theirs to do as they please with it like put it under all their statutory acts, I sever all ties to it and create my own Cestui Que trust now called the Express Trust in which I am the executor / grantor.

  14. Thanks Brother Thomas Very well put.This will get me on the right path.This is definitely an eye opener.You should write a book to in lightning the people and further education, or have you written any books? I should say.Maybe in the feature I hope.knowledge is power and we definitely want to (Know the ledge so we won’t fall off the edge).Knowing is stronger than believing.As you know,Thanks again Brother Thomas and continue to sail away in the sea’s and have dominion over all things.

  15. Hello how are you? I have a question that I know you might have the answer to.Can you inforce these same express trust documents in the United States?

    1. Hi Sean,

      sorry, been away looooooonngg time :0 Yes, download the Redemption Manual on the Common Law Manuals page which i believe was written by Judge Dale (retired); Read The Great American Adventure by him. Elizabeth Mary Croft is Am/Canadian too. The document written on the Express Trust page is by an American attorney. All roads lead to Washington DC oops Rome. We took all the American info and adapted and correlated it to South Africa. It’s all one story, good luck;

      hope it helps, in peace

      1. Thanks Brother you are a big help .As far as the Express Tust do you have the original documents for the United States and if so contribution would only be right for the great information you are providing.Thanks again

      2. Hi,

        the documents for America (the United States is a private corporation: corp.delaware.gov) are in the Redemption Manual. Join your local county common law grand jury which represents the people and the Republics. Links are on the unified grand jury za page.
        I would go for a visit to Costa Rica, get a P.O. Box for residency
        OR Hawaii has declared it’s sovereignty (they will have to remove a star he he)

        One thing is for sure, if the feds go down then Babylon is over and Africa will finally be free of the yoke of colonial oppression.
        “Education is the most powerful weapon that the people can use to bring about change.” Mandela

        Good luck on your journey and we are with you in spirit
        in peace

  16. Hi, thanks for your help. I am familiar with freedomriver and getoutofdebt free sites and also Bill Turner on YouTube and they are all good, but your steps seem to be encouraging:) Will check out the others also. Cheers.

    1. Hi,

      there are already a group starting this in NZ; if you email us at giftoftruth@hushmail.com we will link you 🙂 we are busy updating a new, simpler site.
      Here is another from New Zealand http://freedomriver.wordpress.com/conditional-acceptance-letters/
      For such a small island you people are busy 🙂

      Here are some more good ones:
      http://getoutofdebtfree.org

      Campaign for Liberty – Ron Paul
      http://www.campaignforliberty.org/national-blog/ron-paul-classic-irss-job-violate-liberties/

      National Liberty Alliance
      http://jhaines6.wordpress.com/2014/04/07/example-of-info-about-a-common-law-court-sent-to-me-by-a-reader/

      Free Nation
      http://www.freenation.org

      Freedom Force International – Impotentes Defendere Libertatem non Possunt
      Freedom Force International is a network of men and women from all parts of the world who are concerned over loss of personal liberty and expansion of government power. They are not mere complainers. They have a plan to do something about it. They also share a common belief in The Creed of Freedom, which is a statement of principles that guide them in their mission to build a better world.
      http://www.freedomforceinternational.org/

      The Creed of Freedom
      http://www.creedoffreedom.com

      In Peace

  17. This may sound like a silly question I got from a family member, however I think it would benefit many people to understand the significance of the express trust – what is the significance of the express trust and how does it give me the freedom the system?

  18. I’m in the process of getting a new ID document. In the process I changed my legal entity name to an old family name so that my legal entity’s name and the everyday name people call me don’t correspond. This will also create a significant divide between my biological entity and my legal entity. Soon as I get my new ID (with the same old ID number) I will setup my express trust in the new name of my legal entity.

  19. I have a few more questions.
    1. The process of becoming a secured party seem to be a lengthy process which should not be done in a rush, how long does it usually take to complete the process?
    2. In the interim while someone is in the process to become a secured party, would the service of another secured party be available to act as a secured party for that person still in process?
    3. What effect will this action have on the other party acting as a secured party?
    4. Is there a danger to, or will it drain their trust fund?
    5. If someone prepares all the relevant documents can they make use of another a secured party’s security and offer a donation of “money of account” or equity (cash) for such a service or will it be seen as bribery?
    6. Can you recommend such a secured party if it is morally acceptable?
    7. And how would I contact them to provide the details and get recommendations on what documents to prepare myself?
    8. When I become a secured party may I offer my services and security on a voluntary bases to people who stand to be foreclosed and receive a donation from them? In short can I render a paid service for preparing their documentation as an income for my express trust which in turn pay the trustee (me) for the work done for the express trust? Or just receive a donation from the people who stand under a foreclosure summons when I help them?

    I ask these questions because of two reasons:
    1. I know of some people dear to me who are under summons and would benefit a lot if I could help them.
    2. I am self employed and at times I also suffer because of too little work but would love to do this kind of work on a permanent bases and still be able to maintain our lifestyle by receiving payment to the express trust or a voluntary donation for such a services. In the process I get to do what I love most and that is to educate people and more so to educate them to become financially stable.

    Then after I have helped them with their emergency I will guide them through the process to also become a secured party via an express trust. I would love to be able to help more people in the same way but will go into starvation if I don’t earn an income for my express trust which will reward me for the work done for the trust. I understand that the express trust is a charitable organisation but surely even a charitable organisation needs to pay their admin and staff and must thus have some form of fund raising or income. I understand that the donation must be voluntary and not forced. I have good intentions with this and would hate to spoil it out of my own ignorance.

    Please If I have this all wrong guide me, I don’t want to be seen as someone who miss use or abuse the system and stay within the bounds and regulations of the express trust. I also know people who are very sceptical about this express trust because of their ignorance but things become more realistic and believable to people when they see that you have been able to make such a system work successfully and will then be more receptive to be educated.

    A mouthful, thank you in advance!

    In Peace

      1. Go man Go!! I’m proud and thankful for what you are doing, so no hurry and thank you for your support, love and care!

        Go in Peace

        You deserve all the support you can get from me and the whole of South Africa to make South Africa a better place for all – you are our HERO!

        Blessings,

        Ben

      2. Ben,

        thank you for the support Brother. I must point out that the people that are supporting this are the heroes because without them we are nothing; without people believing in this process, it will come to nothing. So, Ben you are my hero:); thank you and bless you.

        In Peace

  20. Curiosity is eating me up, I have so may questions?

    I’m completing all the forms available from this web page – do I need anything (form wise) from any of the other web pages of this website?

    Is setting this Express trust the same as what the people in Canada and the US do with the UCC1 filing they do?
    Or is this trust something completely different?
    If it is deferent why can we not follow the same route via the UCC1 like the Yanks do?

    Peace

    1. Ben,

      the Bills of Exchange page, the Legal Defence page and Express Trusts page are related; If you have no legal action against you then you only need to do what is on the Express Trusts page.

      In Peace

  21. Giftoftruth,

    The photo required for the True Birth Statement, must it be something similar to the ID photos we usually use? I think that to truly identify me would require a photo reaching from top to toe, I’m not just a head! LOL!

    In Peace

    1. He he,

      yes you are correct 🙂 it’s your true birth so do it as you feel correct. BT had himself baptized and made a baptism card like an ID which he carries with him.

      In Peace

  22. Because of the trial and error shenanigans (and many thanks to them) of the society referred to as “Sovereigns” we got a bad rap and reputation, would it not be more appealing to referee to ourselves as a “Redeemed Entity” (RE)?

    In Peace!

  23. My whole family (myself, wife and children) are going to go through the whole process at the same time. However I have one minor child (16) how do I go about helping her? Or will she have to wait until she turns 18?

    Also she is about to get her first (free) ID document (book), is there anything special other than the normal application to complete and submit.

    Interesting thing would be if my oldest daughter (24) have her fist baby does she register the child or not?

    1. Ben,

      you can place the minor’s ID into your Trust Name in the meantime. When applying for the ‘free’ I.D, where it says signature write: By: before you sign or if you can sneak in ‘ all rights reserved’. In addition, place the child’s registered name into your trust as with the elder one.

      In Peace

  24. This may be a little off the topic, however It would be interesting to hear your reaction.
    In respect to donations to Giftoftruth – could you not send me an invoice (amount R1 mil) for services rendered, I accept it for value, endorse it, send it back to you, will you then be in possession of a tradable instrument that you can bank.?

    1. He he, was wondering when some smart ale will come up with this question 🙂 Soon, this will be a reality with global human obligation funding and we are hoping to be an exchange for bills of exchange transactions. Currently, we have not been able to monetize indorsed bills.

      On a common law note, BT has been in court where the lawyer tried to trap him into claiming that he ‘lawyers’ for money and that is why we can only operate by donations. We are not operating in commerce: if we were to issue an invoice, we could be charged with all kinds of misrepresentations.

      Hence, we freely give in order to freely receive. Think about it, if you know that the value comes from you and not from an external source then you can freely give. This is the new future where we won’t even need currency. In the meantime, we are obligated to use promissory notes, IOUs, fiat currency…

      In Peace

      1. Giftoftruth,

        What in your opinion could be the reason that you could not monetize indorsed bills yet? Is it a lack of understanding of the bank staff perhaps? Or are there other sinister reasons I’m not aware off?

        I believe there is a lady in the USA who cash her own cheques on her closed bank account. The FBI came down on her but she had a very good explanation for them and so they now leave her in peace. I don’t know if there was any further news on her.

        I have seen some things that that make me wonder a lot. Just out of curiosity what will happen if I would buy a car on the standard financing method and within three month with the bank statement pay it in full by A4V, endorse and return the bill of exchange?

        I think it was Robert Menard who said that you get the car dealer to give you a quote for the car then later you go back and ask them to make an invoice for you so that you can make arrangements to settle the full amount, then return it A4V and indorsed with all the supporting paper work in a sealed envelope or by registered mail with instructions of how the account will be settled and to have it sent to their lawyer and the financing bank’s lawyer and that they have 3 days then you will come to pick the car up.!!??

        In Peace

      2. Ben,

        our court case with the Constitutional Court where we are demanding a commission of inquiry hinges around this. Last year we discovered a possible way to monetize our Trusts; However, as Heather states at http://www.i-uv.com, we need to unplug from the fedral system and starve it, not fed it. What we are currently doing is just defensive. Too many have been arrested by the feds for trying this and we are too short staffed to try bail anyone out. Just google people such as Cody Banks and Tim Turner to see what happened to those playing the UCC game.

        There is a global rset happening and the economic landscape is changing; with BRIS formalizing this month, South Africa will find itself withdrawing from the federal system, the US Securities and Exchange commission to join the PBOC (asian exchange) to gold-backed reserve currencies. Your thought processes are on the right track and what you are learning is valuable. W believe that soon there will be global human obligation funds and we intend Giftoftruth to be an exchange for indorsing social and environmental upliftment project bills of exchange and all our trusts will do what you are suggesting in your next post; we will need people such as yourself on board. Study the UCC in the meantime. Hope this helps.

        In Peace

    1. Hi Leata,
      All your income is now the trust’s income; You are just the agent of the trust (power of attorney). Your ALL CAPS name is the trust, a piece of paper.
      In reality, money is promissory notes which is just promises, IOUs and all countries operating under a federal reserve banking system are trading under re-organizational bankruptcy. Just for interest.

  25. Hi All

    Here is an interesting link in relation to TRUSTS currently in South Africa.

    http://www.google.co.za/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CCkQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.lexisnexis.co.za%2Fpdf%2Ffpi-2012-trusts-walter-geach-fpi-2012-trust-walter-geach.ppt&ei=Yx1QU4S2E4TG7AadkoDADg&usg=AFQjCNGUT8r-g_btgJf3Q5J23nMiZAh9RA&bvm=bv.64764171,d.ZGU

    In addition, from my experiences of filing an express (Family Trust) with the clerk of the master of the high court, in Johannesburg, was somewhat different to what I have been told by Brother Thomas. That is to say, in short, Brother Thomas is quite correct in letting us know that the rules of the game are constantly changing as I have experienced; and, that we cannot blame anyone if this is the case, because the authorities, naturally, want to make sovereignty difficult for people to attain. Nevertheless, I needed to file a specific formatted template of a TRUST DEED with basic trust components–including a contents page, ID’s of trustees, beneficiaries etc.–and, most importantly, a government designed power of attorney template to finalise the application. The clerk was very polite and helpful–ironically, considering this was no simplistic piecemeal process. Though this may be the case–that I have to follow a set TRUST template–I have discussed with the clerk that I needed to file additional documents, at a later stage, once the TRUST certificate has been issued, which, of course, the clerk consented as not being a problem.

    I hope this bit of information is useful.

    In Peace.

    1. Hi Daniel,

      excellent, thank you for this helpful information. Yes, the aim is to get a file number and then file the ‘additional’ documents. If this is too much P.T. then sending via registered mail is the easier option and the registered mail number is now your reference every time.

      In Peace

  26. •Could I have your recommendations and/or opinion as to what name I will entitle the trust as?
    •Since you have gone through the rigours and protocols of this trust process, are there any tricks that I should be aware about?
    •And, concerning the accountant/auditor issue on the documents, how do I get around this issue in order to make the trust legitimate.
    •And, do you recommend I open a trust as a charitable organisation or non-charitable organization?

    1. Hi Daniel,

      The Trust should be in your ALL CAPS ‘registered’ name.
      The only trick is the court which you explained nicely thanks.
      If you keep your books then an auditor will charge minimal because it’s a domestic audit. You may do the basic books yourself.

      In Peace

  27. 3. The main purpose of the protection I am seeking is that I have a fixed asset property on which I owe money under a bond that I am unable to repay. Therefore want to put the property into the Trust. However I have found out that currently in our law to transfer fixed property you have to do a transfer at the deeds office. I e it cannot be transferred by the signature of a Trust Agreement. How do I then pass ownership in the property simply by the Trust agreement?

    Thank You.

    In Peace

    1. Zara,

      just do the documents; it’s up to them to prove up their claim; you have power of attorney, claim of right etc. They do not have your power of attorney.

      In Peace

  28. 2. Am going to all the trouble putting my assets into a Trust. How do you protect the Trust if debts owed under those assets are in the Trust, as the creditor of those debts can now claim against the Trust?

    1. Hi Zara,

      yes fire the auditor; you are now a common law charity trust. Keep a basic manual journal such as in the old days. credit one side, debit the other, any ‘profits’ get carried over into the next financial year, simple.

      In Peace

  29. Thanks for loading the new docs I e j401.
    However I have to confess that I am very confused at this point.
    It seems like we will be filing two sets of trusts, one according to the traditional system and one under Common Law.
    How can this be valid?
    I also am very unclear how to fill out most of the stuff on the j401 docs.
    Would it be possible to get a group together of people wanting to file their trusts and have a skype call where we go thru the j401 …forms and clarify how to complete them.
    I would like to file my trust as a matter of urgency and would really appreciate this kind of support.

    Thank You.

    In Peace

    1. Hi Zara,

      compile a list of questions and we will answer them; 1. The Master of the High Court is where common law trusts were filed. The documents you file clearly state your jurisdiction.

      In Peace

  30. Can you please explain why there is a format for a detailed listing of one’s assets in the Security Agreement and not in the Will?

    Please can you load whatever outstanding docs required to complete this process I e protest of action, plus the forms The Clerk will require to fill out?

    Thank You

    1. Hi Zara,

      good question on the will, please add and list your assets; The will is only a template and very personal; we will make a note; this is how we learn 🙂

      we will load the final process for the trusts by sunday; short staffed as you know 🙂

      In Peace

  31. A few more questions please – I am in process of completing these docs and want to file them asap.

    1. Please can you clarify what is the name and beneficiary of the Trust as per kimaglobal’s question above? Which doc # relates?
    2. If when we go and file we are requested to fill out this J401 doc in above question, should we comply?
    3. Will you upload this protest of action doc?
    4. Is there anything we need to do with Doc 9 – UCC doc other than print it out and include it?

    Thank You.

    1. Hi Zara,

      1. Your I.D. is the beneficiary of the trust and you the living woman (a people) is the agent. Now you have seperated the ‘induvidual’, the ‘citizen’ and the ‘people’.
      2. We are looking into doing it another way; why don’t you try and go to the court, ask the clerk you are filing your trust and can he open a file number in the meantime as you want to add the file number into the trust doocuments. Now you go home and send docs via registered mail. It can work:) Try and let us know.
      3. First try the above method in 2.
      4. Yes, just print and add.

      In Peace.

  32. I am in the process of setting up an Express Trust, filled out all the forms for the First Steps and took them to the local Masters Office to lodge them. The receiving clerk there did not accept them, stating that every trust has to have a name and beneficiaries. She did not comprehend my docs at all.
    She also asked me to fill in an additional form J401(a trust registration and amendment form) to register an Inter-Vivos trust, plus pay a fee of R100.00.
    It seems to me that I should complete the second steps and attempt to lodge all the documents at one time. This will include the Express Trust document which has a name.
    How should I proceed?
    Reply

    1. Hi,

      the game plan changes continually. A year ago the filings were accepted without a problem. Now we need to protest the action. Complete your documents and we will do a protest of action. What this means is that when ready, you will take all docs and a protest of action. go and see the master of the high court; tell her you want to file and if she refuses you ask her on what grounds; now we have further evidence that the courts are not developing 39 of the bill of rights and further unlawful, un-constitutional action. capiche? Will load doc by monday.

      In Peace.

    2. Worst case scenario is to send it via registered mail; monitor via mail when collected; then email them a certificate/proof of service that they received the docs. However, you want a file number, so go see the master.

  33. Trustee’s Intent:
    The TRUSTEES hereby agree to provide certain Collateral and goods, identified herein below, and certain accommodations to the Settlers, including, but not limited to, allow the TRUSTEES to act as an instrument, functioning primarily as a transmitting utility, for the purpose of conducting commercial activity, for the benefit of nominated public beneficiaries on a charitable basis and, as security for payment of all sums due, or to become due or owing by TRUSTEES to Settlers for duties performed as Agents of This Trust.
    TRUSTEES hereby grant Settlers a security interest in the Collateral described herein below. Refer to attached Constitution.

    Re this para in Doc 6 – Express Trust template –
    I am not clear what I would be committing to here. Would appreciate some clarification and discussion about this in very simple English. Thank you.

    1. Hi,

      your I.D. the beneficiary is giving you permission to use it and everything in ‘it’s name as collateral and to use ‘it’ also as a transmitting utility ie. to perform transactions using money of exchange.

      Does that help?

    1. Hi Zara,

      yes you are using the I.D in a different way now and with more comprehension. Agents of the state have confused you by getting you to confirm that you are the name and picture in the I.D, a fiction ‘citizen’. Now you know that you are not the fiction beneficiary, but the agent of the beneficiary and dealing at arms length because you have done your Express Trust documents. Also read the Handy Tips page for more. And the I.D is no longer a ‘citizen’ but a trust, functioning as a transmitting utility in commerce. For more on that read The Giftoftruth – SA Guide to Sovereignty & Commerce. In Peace.

      1. Thanks very much for that detailed feedback 😉 Next questions please – 1) how does this affect your tax status i e if you are a freelancer and have been operating as a provisional taxpayer – and a prospective client wants to know your tax status before engaging you? 2) Who is a Notary Public? Thank You.

      2. My dear,

        tax is voluntary, read the tax act. Soon we will have SARS tax notices up.

        A Notary Public was the common law version of a commercial notary conveyancer. Therefore, the only common law notary public currently in SA is Brother Thomas. You can decree yourself as one as long as you know all the nuances regarding jurisdiction and few do. Have been doing this full time for 3 years.

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