“Sovereign individuals are subject only to a Common Law, whose primary purposes are to protect and defend individual rights and to prevent anyone, whether public official or private person, from violating the rights of other individuals. Within this scene, Sovereigns are never subject to their own creations, and the constitutional contract is such a creation.” To quote the Supreme Court, “No fiction can make a natural born subject.” Milvaine v. Coxe’s Lessee, 8 U.S. 598 (1808). “That is to say, no fiction, be it a corporation, a statute law, or an administrative regulation, can mutate a natural born Sovereign into someone who is subject to his own creations.”
By Judge Anna Von Reitz
What is law?
The highest law is divine law, each people by their own private belief;
The second highest law be the reason of mind, being an edict given by a great council of wise elders or jurists, as nothing absurd and without good reason may be considered law.
The third highest law be the law of the people, as the consent and will of the people is the source of true authority. In this way, every law has it’s boundaries and limits called ‘jurisdiction’.
Common law is the law of the local people; the un-enacted law-of-the-land; common law is the will of the men and women; and, will manifest itself as the people make rulings with good conscience and fair play; common law may be derived from customs, maxims, precedents, sacred teachings and scriptures; common law is common sense and derived from and simply means: do unto others as you would have them do unto you; common law is superior to enacted legislation;
Common law establishes constitutions as all power is inherent in the people; common law establishes through the constitution all restrictions on the government; constitutions never give the government power for legislating people; government only has the power to legislate the workings of the different functions of the various departments to allow the people life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
Constitutions can never establish common law for then all power would not be in the sovereign people, but would be in the constitution and it is only a piece of paper, and the sovereign’s right to address grievances or to amend, change, or address any problem could not be; the Creator [each by their own private belief] created people, natural men and women, who (with help) created government; government started corporations;
The Creator rules over man [ach by their own private belief], man rules over government, and government rules over corporations; everything that we created are mere pieces of paper to be altered and changed by the will and wish of we the people.
Common Law v. Admiralty Law, People v. Persons
by Anna von Reitz,
Our Forefathers CHOSE the system of Common Law based on the Law of Moses (Ten Commandments) as the Law of the Land and they chose men to serve as judges from among themselves in every county, state, and region.
If we want to live under that system of law, we have to do the same thing. CHOOSE to live under Common Law, form a jural assembly for our communities as brilliantly summarized by the Michigan Jural Assembly which has already had their Common Law System in place for decades, elect judges to fill the vacant judicial offices, and live accordingly.
This is the way this country was set up and so far as I am concerned, the way it is still supposed to run. Those who don’t want to accept that are outlaws. Those who do are law abiding. Simple as that.
We are free to accept, amend, and reject laws within that system as every jury sees fit. That is why we have JURY NULLIFICATION built into this whole process.
ANY law passed by ANY legislative body in the Common Law System can be nullified by a body of twelve honest Americans sitting as a jury. Such a jury can rewrite a law they find unfair or impractical or they can utterly reject one they find unjust, vague, or unworkable.
Jury nullification is where the average people called to jury duty get to enforce their will on the entire system— in Common Law, that is. Also, in Common Law, the judge serves the people– he doesn’t tell them what to do. He doesn’t interpret the law. The jury does that. He listens to the arguments along with the jury, maintains fair rules of evidence and argument, asks questions, but at the end of the day, the JURY makes their own decision and the judge executes their sentence.
That is also why there is no appeal from a jury trial unless substantial new evidence likely to have changed their reasoning comes to light. The JURY interprets and speaks the law under Common Law and what they decide becomes the law, no ifs, ands, or buts.
The judge is just a referee and servant of the court and the clerk is just that, a clerk keeping good records of the proceedings and testimony, evidence and filings.
There are other marked characteristics of Common Law that you need to be aware of; Under Common Law, nobody can be summoned to a court without a presentment from a Grand Jury.
Under Common Law, everyone is presumed innocent until proven guilty.
Under Common Law, there has to be an actual, identifiable injured party— someone has to stand up and accuse you of harming them or their own property.
The only exception is in the case of murder or disabling injury of a victim, such that the injured party cannot bring suit for themselves.
There is no such thing as a “victimless crime” under Common Law.
We, the people, are the living, actual, factual government of the people, for the people, and by the people. There is no such government of the person, for the person, and by the person– a fact that those who adopt “personhood’ should consider carefully and well.
Download text document: COMMON LAW V. ADMIRALTY LAW – PEOPLE V. PERSON
The Sovereign is the Court of Record, not the CORPORATION
Posted on April 28, 2016 by arnierosner; Commented on by Anna von Reitz: Obviously, you have never considered the question of from where law comes…
First of all a ‘Court’ in ‘International Law’ is the ‘person’ and ‘suit’ of the ‘sovereign’, this would rule out the County ‘Circuit Court’ whose presence is of an incorporated nature. [BLD 4th.] “A ‘court of record’ is a judicial tribunal having attributes and exercising functions independently of the person of the magistrate designated generally to hold it, and proceeding according to the course of common law.”
The Man and his Person represents the Sovereign as the court of record; making a special appearance. The local Circuit Court is not the ‘magistrate’, but is independent of the ‘court of record’ because in ‘International Law’ the ‘person’ is a ‘state’ of the Sovereign who is the author of all life, which is the true ‘Court’ having a tribune presence.
Webster’s New International Dictionary  states, “The persons known to international law are ‘states’.”
Download text document: THE SOVEREIGN IS THE COURT OF RECORD NOT THE CORPORATION
I have been asked (indeed, hounded) by people desperately searching for reliable guides to inform their actions in favor of restoring the land-based and lawful government we are all owed. This in turn requires some basic understandings, and rather than explain this to each of 390 million people, please read, post, and pass this on.
All forms of law except Natural Law (Law of Gravity, Law of Heredity, etc.) come from religion. This is because our religion establishes what we consider “right” and “wrong” and that in turn establishes our Law. The Law of the Land in the Western World is based on the Mosaic Law of the Bible, which is common to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The Ten Commandments are the basis of the Law of the Land, which in this country is American Common Law.
The Constitution is also formed under Common Law and is called the “Law of the Land” by the Federal Government to distinguish it as the “law” that they must obey when dealing with us, the people of the United States, and our unincorporated states on the land known as the States of America.
Justices, popularly called “judges” in our Common Law Courts are NOT members of any Bar Association, do not hold any titles of nobility, and serve as either Magistrates (as when a Justice of the Peace performs a marriage) or Members of the Court (as when they pronounce the sentence required by the Trial Jury).
Common Law Justices aka “Judges” do not instruct juries in the sense of telling them what to do or in the sense of interpreting the Law— that is the job of the juries—- justices serve as a resource if juries have questions about court procedures and that sort of thing, but they do not interfere with or direct or seek to influence the juries in their determinations. Common Law Justices take their instructions from juries, both Grand Juries and Trial Juries.
The Law of the Sea is international in nature and is based on the Law Merchant derived from the Code of Hammurabi (Maritime “Commercial” Law) and the Law of the Sea (Admiralty) which derived from the Satanic Law of Sumeria and the Phoenicians— the source of the word “phony”. This is the “legal” system of the sea jurisdiction as opposed to the “lawful” system of the land. As you might expect, the Law of the Sea is based on deceit, as it derives from the worship of the Father of All Lies.
The judges in these courts are either business administrators or acting as priests of the Crown Temple. They are required to be Bar Association attorneys by the rules of their Jural Societies called Bar Associations and have taken Oaths of Nullification, known as the Kol Nidre, which according to the underlying religion of the Sea allows them to void any agreement they make, break their word with impunity and act deceitfully (commit fraud) without consequence. These characters “simulate” judicial proceedings so as to — in their own words in the Federal Code of Civil Procedure — give an “appearance” of justice. These judges use juries as props in a play, and basically bully and “direct” juries to deliver whatever outcome the judge wants.
Law of the Land = Our Father, Law of the Sea = Lucifer.
There is also the Law of the Air, which is global in jurisdiction, and ecumenical. It has only three laws: keep the peace, do no harm, treat others as you would like to be treated yourself. If you obey these Laws of the Air, you automatically fulfill all other laws and stand above any other form of law.
For assistance in setting up lawful county and state governments on the land jurisdiction of the United States and filling vacated Public Offices: I highly recommend the Michigan General Jural Assembly publication and handbook called “From De Facto to De Jure”.
This invaluable handbook is the most correct and comprehensive guide of its kind ever published and following it ensures that both the people and their Jural Assemblies act within the correct rules and right capacities so that they cannot be accused of subversion or insurrection.
For assistance in threading through the confusing maze of deceptively similar names and other means of misrepresentation and mischaracterization that have plagued us all for generations, I highly commend the work of Robb Ryder, and especially his YouTube video entitled “The Stile of this confederacy” available at this link:
Spend the hour this video requires and take notes. Then revisit it and take notes again. Repeat until you are able to easily tell the difference between “United States of America” and “The United States of America” and the various other distinctions used to confuse and defraud Americans.
These resources will enable you to (1) restore the American Common Law Courts, (2) rebuild your lawful government, and (3) translate your way through the best attempts of lawyers to obscure the true parties of interest in any “legal” process.
God bless Brent Winters, Michigan General Jural Assembly, and Robb Ryder who have done inestimable service for their fellowman and especially for the American people who stand in such need of these helps and instructions now.
Michigan Assembly sponsored national education conference call to support the handbook is now available bi-weekly every other Thursday evening at 9pm est. Notices of this call are published on nesaranews.blogspot.com several days before the conference call times.
This article has been updated by Freewill.
See this article and over 100 others on Anna’s website here:www.annavonreitz.com
Michigan Jural Assembly
Of all judicial activists, Judge Anna is the most educated; and, over 11 million people have read her educational articles; see http://annavonreitz.com/
For America, she recommends everyone use the following:
FROM DE FACTO TO DE JURE – HANDBOOK FOR THE RESTORATION OF THE PEACEFUL SOVEREIGN STATES OF AMERICA
Steps To Setting Up Your State General Jural Assembly=GJA and Settling Your State;
Everyone ought to follow this process and thereby create a uniform international common law process;
Each country, their districts and states ought to adapt and change the information on this site for themselves; and, put together a handbook for other districts and states;
This is what we are busy with for the next 2 months; completing all Public Notices, filing and publishing them in 2 national newspapers; notices the handbook for Southern Africa should be complete by July, 2017; our focus will be on African Common Law; but, there is also no harm in quoting old authorities and precedents; and, the older the authority, the better;
Note from Anna von Reitz – Posted on April 1, 2016 – by David Robinson
The Solution, The Next Step: Seating The Body Politic, from the NATION STATES PROJECT – The Nations States Project was initiated by the Pennsylvania (Jural) Assembly when they filed a package of documents and official Notice (see page 4) with the PERMANENT BUREAU HAGUE, CONFERENCE ON PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW, SCHEVENINGSWEG 6, THE HAGUE 2517 NL.
Their action was noticed by another group who invited folks to a phone conference and assisted as many states as possible in duplicating the document package and notification. The completed packets were sent to the Pennsylvania folks who gathered them together and had them delivered to the address above. This project was accomplished and completed with relative swiftness in 2012.
Next Step – seating the body politic.
With all of the states on the same page more or less, it is now time to take the next step, i.e. to organize each state with the seating of that state’s body politic and reclaim our Republic form of government. Time is important and time is short but time is not to be considered. The reset of our nation can happen and we can all work together to accomplish the reclaiming of our nation but it can only happen with:
1) each state working to reset their own state and
2) then committing to the action step of re-seating the national body politic.
These actions can be defined and completed with the assistance of each state working together with the focus on resetting the Republic form of governance.
As for straightening out your own political status issues I suggest that everyone go first to: www.freesovereignandindependent.com for a bird’s eye view of how this mess got started and why your separate birthright political status matters, then go to Kurt Kallenbach’s website https://trustandcontract.wordpress.com/
House Joint Resolution 192 of JUNE 5, 1933:
The American Bar lien of $279,000,000,000,000 filed Oct 2015:
INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL OBLIGATION LIEN:
Affidavit of Obligation and Commercial Lien against the American Bar Association http://annavonreitz.com/announcementofcommerciallien.pdf
The actual document of the Affidavit of Obligation and Commercial Lien against the American Bar Association: http://annavonreitz.com/commerciallien.pdf
An Open Letter to General Dunford and the Joint Chiefs of Staff http://annavonreitz.com/openlettertojointchiefs.pdf
101. Letter to John Kerry and Ban Ki Moon http://annavonreitz.com/lettertokerry.pdf
LEGISLATIVE ACTIVISM, JUDICIAL ACTIVISM, AND THE DECLINE OF PRIVATE SOVEREIGNTY
Roger Pilon – The Decline of Private Sovereignty: – With his Economic Liberties and the Constitution,1 Professor Bernard F!. Siegan has thrown the gauntlet down to the judiciary, and to the intellectual and political community that surrounds it, to show why in the case of our economic liberties we have strayed so far from our beginnings. In the beginning, he says, was the Constitution, and it was the word. Its authors, inspired by the higher law, by the natural law and natural rights traditions and by the common law of England, and chastened by their own recent experience with the English Crown, set forth a plan for ordered liberty that protected economic and non-economic liberties alike. Little more than a decade earlier, during the course of which they secured their independence, these Founders had declared to the world, in a conclusory way at least, their philosophy of government: 1 [T]hat all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness — that to secure these Rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just Powers from the Consent of the Governed,…” It was to set these “self-evident truths” in stone, more or less, that the Founders drew up a written Constitution, designed to guide and constrain our institutions of government on into the future. Read the full text:
COMMON LAW v. CIVIL LAW
– By Brent Williams; (brief history)
Two fundamental traditions of law and government are active among humanity, each manifesting contrary ideals: the common law and the civil law. The common law rests upon justice administered by scriptural principles that presuppose and guard against the inherent imperfections of human reason.
The civil law, on the other hand, justifies its methods by presupposing and appealing to man’s notions of perfected reason. The common law tradition governs only a handful of countries and is fundamentally consonant with Scripture, acknowledging the divine eternality of law as the measure of all things. The civil law tradition, on the other hand, governs most modern nations and is fundamentally Babylonian trusting human reason as the worthy measure of all things.
Read the full text: COMMON LAW v. CIVIL LAW
National Liberty Alliance
The difference between Common Law and the Law practiced in our courts today, called Statutory Law, is simply as follows: Common Law upholds the Constitution for the United States of America with its capstone Bill of Rights above all Statutory Law; Whereas Statutory Law is held above the Constitution for the United States of America and its capstone Bill of Rights, and therefore your rights are whatever our elected servants may choose it to be for you at the time. This is what NLA is endeavoring to change in our courts and thereby bring all our elected and appointed servants back under the chains of the Constitution because right now you are under the chains of your servants, this is the definition of tyranny.
DISCLAIMER: – WE ARE NOT PART OF THE SOVEREIGN CITIZENS MOVEMENT We do not endorse or entertain the fiction such as bills of exchange, redeeming and/or discharging through trust accounts; nor do we involve ourselves with contracts, commercial liens and the exchanging of an oath of office for a value. We do not encourage or teach people to write declarations, drive without driver’s licenses, revoke their voters application, revoke their birth certificate or their social security numbers. We do not support self-appointed judges and international courts. The power of the Grand Jury is to write true bills of indictment, true bills of presentments, true bills of information and file them in Article III Courts.
National Liberty Alliance is not anti-government; NLA believes that the structure of our Federal Government in all three branches has survived abuse from enemies, both foreign and domestic, that have infiltrated our government, especially over the past hundred years, can be taken back. The problem is that criminals have positioned themselves into key government positions through political and unlawful covert operations and have been assaulting our Constitution, our way of life and our Liberties; and through those covert operations have seized the reigns of our government in order to enrich themselves with money and power.
We believe as Thomas Jefferson has instructed us: “If a People expect to be ignorant and free, they expect what never was and never will be;” coupled with God’s promise: 2 Chr 7:14 “If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.” Therefore, the purpose of NLA is to educate the People in the science of government, Common Law a.k.a, the Law of the Land, and our true American heritage and history, so that We may stand on higher ground, acting upon the principles of Honor, Justice and Mercy. Whereupon, We the People will bring our courts back into a lawful and Constitutional jurisdiction, removing the rampant and lawless criminality while binding our elected and appointed servants to good behavior.
Regardless of how the haters of Liberty try to define us, the proof of who we really are and what we are doing to save America is in the pudding. We have a lawful plan and a lawful goal; our plan is to reinstate the “Law of the Land” [Article VI clause 2] in our courts and thereby our government; and our goal is to save the America that our founding fathers entrusted us with.
COMMON LAW -V- STATUTORY CODES:
The enemies of Liberty that have infiltrated our government would have you to believe that Common (Natural) Law is passé and have been legislated away. We the People ordained the constitution that created and governs our government, how then can the “created” supersede the “creator” and by what authority? They have none!
The following collection of classical works would prepare anyone to successfully defend themselves in Common Law and keep them out of the civil law jurisdiction. The enemy has kept us ignorant to the political and judicial process. They have divided us politically and posted civil law priests (attorneys) at the gates of justice, thereby robing us of our heritage and control of our servant government. As Jefferson said: “If a people think they can be ignorant and free they expect what never was and never will be“.
View classical videos at: http://www.nationallibertyalliance.org/common-law
YOUR HERITAGE IS COMMON LAW – The following audio lectures are given by Bill Thornton and will give you a rounded understanding of the real law, “common law”. Because you were probably never taught to think free, and never meditated upon your Heritage, the ideas in the following audio will seem a bit strange, and at times confusing. But for those who are determined to receive their Heritage, shall find it!
The following lectures are sufficient to prepare you to open a common law court case, but you will need to know and understand court forms and procedure. We suggest you take our court access course that will teach you all the court procedures click on the Jurist Tab for the course.
We strongly suggest that you work with a group of people when pursuing court cases, especially common law. You can join our meetup group here > http://www.meetup.com/NationalLibertyAlliance/ to find people in your county click on members and scroll through the membership looking for people in your county, the county is posted next to everyone’s name, when you place your cursor over their name you will see the option to contact them by e-mail. You can also CONTACT US for additional free support.
Download common law lectures from: http://www.nationallibertyalliance.org/common-law
Bill Thornton from National Liberty Alliance has some excellent notes on common law at: https://1215.org/lawnotes/lawnotes/foundation.htm
REPUBLIC vs. DEMOCRACY:
In the Pledge of Allegiance we all pledge allegiance to our Republic, not to a democracy. “Republic” is the proper description of our government, not “democracy.” I invite you to join me in raising public awareness regarding that distinction.
A republic and a democracy are identical in every aspect except one. In a republic the sovereignty is in each individual person. In a democracy the sovereignty is in the group.
Republic. That form of government in which the powers of sovereignty are vested in the people and are exercised by the people, either directly, or through representatives chosen by the people, to whome those powers are specially delegated. [NOTE: The word “people” may be either plural or singular. In a republic the group only has advisory powers; the sovereign individual is free to reject the majority group-think. USA/exception: if 100% of a jury convicts, then the individual loses sovereignty and is subject to group-think as in a democracy.]
Read the full text at: https://1215.org/lawnotes/lawnotes/repvsdem.htm
Download text: REPUBLIC vs. DEMOCRACY
SOVEREIGNTY OF THE PEOPLE
Definition of SOVEREIGNTY: The power to do everything in a state without accountability,–to make laws, to execute and to apply them, to impose and collect taxes and levy contributions, to make war or peace, to form treaties of alliance or of commerce with foreign nations, and the like. Story, Const. Sec 207 – Black’s Law Dictionary, Fourth Edition
Sovereignty in government is that public authority which directs or orders what is to be done by each member associated in relation to the end of the association. It is the supreme power by which any citizen is governed and is the person or body of persons in teh state to whom there is politically no superior. The necessary existence of the state and that right and power which necessarily follow is “sovereignty.” By “sovereignty in its largest sense is meant supreme, absolute, uncontrollable power, the absolute right to govern. The word which by itself comes nearest to being the definition of “sovereignty” is will or volition as applied to political affairs. City of Bisbee v. Cochise County, 52 Ariz. 1, 78 P.2d 982, 986.
Read full text at: https://1215.org/lawnotes/lawnotes/sovreign.htm
The numerous works of the various European jurists at various dates from the sixteenth to the nineteenth centuries are cited to-day as authoritative statements of the law with which they deal. A modem text-book has no such authority. The rules therein expressed are merely opinions which Counsel in addressing the Court may, if he pleases; incorporate in his argument, but which have no independent claim to attention, however eminent their author.
Sir William Blackstone (1723-1780) was considered one of the founders of legal philosophy. Blackstone, who became a patron of King George III, wrote extensively on English Common Law.
William Blackstone in America:
Lectures by An English Lawyer Become The Blueprint for a New Nation’s Laws and Leaders
by Greg Bailey
In October 25, 1758 as William Blackstone approached the podium in the Oxford lecture hall he knew he was a failure. The thirty year old lawyer, nearsighted, already portly, chronically ill, now ready to read his notes in his grating voice, had spent the last seven years before the Bar in London with, a sympathetic biographer wrote, “little notice or practice.”
Little could Blackstone know that the lectures he began so tentatively that day would be published as Commentaries on the Laws of England, a work that would dominate the common law legal system for more than a century. Nor could he foresee that his words would shape the Declaration of Independence, Constitution and primal laws of a land he considered no more than conquered territory of the British crown. He could not foresee another failure in life studying his Commentaries in the frontier village of New Salem, Illinois, teaching himself law. And little could he imagine that two hundred years later gangsters would call their lawyers by his name.
Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England:
In trying to comprehend the whole of British law and present it logically Blackstone divided the law into four volumes and themes. Book I covered the “Rights of Persons,” a sweeping examination of British government, the clergy, the royal family, marriage, children, corporations and the “absolute rights of individuals.” Book II, on the “Rights of Things,” should more properly have been called the Rights that people have in Things. It begins with the observation that “There is nothing which so generally strikes the imagination and engages the affections of mankind, as the right of property.” In hundreds of pages of arcane analysis he then disproves the point. Book III covers “Private Wrongs,” today known as torts. Book IV covers “Public Wrongs,” crimes and punishment, including offenses against God and religion. Blackstone had no illusions that he had covered every important aspect of the law adequately; his lectures and the books were designed as an introduction to the whole of the law.
Human laws, Blackstone believed, were like scientific laws. They were creations of God waiting to be discovered just as Isaac Newton had discovered the laws of gravity a century before. “Thus we say, the laws of motion, of gravitation, of optics, or mechanics, as well as the laws of nature and of nations.” Law flowed from the superior to the inferior, be it God, monarch or nation, and the inferior was compelled to obey.
Download Blackstone’s Commentaries on the Laws of England:
Download quotes by Blackstone:
International Tribunal for Natural Justice
The following documents are from the ITNJ library under the heading:
Evolution to Common Law
Historical Charters of England
Rights of the British Colonies