The revolutionary struggle in South Africa was based on the Freedom Charter, as described by Nelson Mandela in a 1993 speech:

“We adopted the Freedom Charter in 1955. This is a document born of our struggle, rooted in South African conditions, and expressing the aspirations of the disenfranchised. Because of its content the Freedom Charter has met with international acclaim as an outstanding human rights document. The Freedom Charter provides a sound moral basis for law and law making. It posed an inclusive basis for citizenship…”

1955 Freedom Charter:

As a result of the 1952 Defiance Campaign against the South African apartheid laws, the 1955 Freedom Charter was born, lauded as one of the best human rights documents written. The 1995 Freedom Charter is a unique document in that for the first time ever, the people were actively involved in formulating their own vision of an alternative society. The existing order of State oppression and exploitation which was prevalent in the 1950’s (and earlier) was totally rejected.

The People Shall Govern!

All National Groups Shall have Equal Rights!

The People Shall Share in the Country’s Wealth!

The Land Shall be Shared Among Those Who Work It!

All Shall be Equal Before the Law!

All Shall Enjoy Equal Human Rights!

There Shall be Work and Security!

The Doors of Learning and Culture Shall be Opened!

There Shall be Houses, Security and Comfort!

There Shall be Peace and Friendship!


The Freedom Charter represents the hopes and aspirations and will of the people.

Download: 1955 FREEDOM CHARTER


1990-1994 Reconstruction and Development Programme (RDP):

The RDP was the development and implementation and together with the Freedom Charter embodies the will of the people. We have summarised and highlighted key issues that have not been properly addressed since 1994.

Download RDP summary: 1990-1994 RDP UZA summary

Download the full version: 1990-1994 RDP PROGRAMME

The Birth of the Bill of Rights:

The South African Bill of Rights was born out of the long struggle against apartheid and injustice. In the same year the apartheid South African government came into power in 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, now the common international standard for human rights, was adopted by the United Nations. South Africa was one of only eight countries that refused to sign this seminal human rights document, in large part because the government was already preparing to implement the apartheid programme which would systematically violate every one of the rights recognized in this declaration.

Extract from: South Africa History Archives


These documents together constitute the rights and the will of the people. We have strayed from the Freedom Charter, the RDP and Bill of Rights in favour of the Washington Consensus.


In fact, independent research  reveals that since 1994, was Southern Africa sold down the river; see: