thank you; the peeps need snippets of this to get those ‘lightbulb’ moments…
CONGRESS HAS NO AUTHORITY TO ALTER THE
CONSTITUTION BY ORDINARY ACT (STATUTE).
It is a proposition too plain to be contested, that
the constitution controls any legislative act
repugnant to it; or that the legislature may not alter
the constitution by an ordinary act. Marbury v.
Madison, 5 U. S. 137, 176 (1803).
CONGRESS EFFECTIVELY ALTERED
THE CONSTITUTION BY ORDINARY ACT (STATUTE).
As of June 30, 1864; March 9, 1878 (retroactive
to December 1, 1873); and September 8, 1916, for
purposes of internal revenue, Congress transmuted
the words “state,” “State,” and “United States,” respectively,
into statutory terms via specific definition whose meaning, upon standard application of the basic
rule of statutory construction known as expressio unius
est exclusio alterius (the inclusion of the one is the
exclusion of the…
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